How to Treadmill Safely


Ice, deep snow and sub zero temperatures are driving many endurance athletes indoors to the treadmill this winter. Unfortunately, running a long distance on the treadmill may do more harm than good especially if used as a short term substitute to overground running without adjusting for the fact that it is a different surface. Coach Amy explains why runners should exercise caution when choosing the treadmill and shares tips on how to treadmill safely in this article from the Roadrunners of Kansas City blog:

Top Five Training Errors that Lead to Injury in Runners

Inquiring minds want to know…“When Coach Amy speaks at Rockhurst University, what is it about?”


Getting to the bottom of a runner’s injury is like solving a puzzle; the four corners are strength, mobility, biomechanics and training. Coach Amy explains how to evaluate the patient’s training history for potential errors that contribute to injury and how to modify training during treatment.

Here are the top five training errors that Coach Amy finds lead to injuries:

  1. Increasing total weekly mileage and long run mileage too quickly.

  2. Lack of recovery between training runs within the building phase, after races and between seasons.

  3. Not enough, too much or the wrong kind of cross training.

  4. Lack of varying intensity of hard and easy runs.

  5. Changing running form, surface, or shoe type without a slow, gradual introduction and without professional guidance.

Personalized coaching can help prevent these errors. If injury does occur, physical therapy with a therapist that specializes in running can speed up and improve success with recovery.

Need for Speed

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Did you know Coach Amy is actually a coach?  Amy is a running coach who owns and operates the running club, Roadrunners of Kansas City.  If you are a distance runner or endurance athlete, there is so much more that goes into achieving your goals than just getting in your weekly miles. 

RRKC offers weekly outdoor speed workouts (Winter and Spring) that incorporate running drills, intervals, fartleks, supersets, hill training, and more.  Workouts are personalized to each athletes' goals and experience level. The purpose of speed training is to improve efficiency and power, and to teach the body to run under fatigue. Coach Amy’s method includes a focus on both running form and the running mind.

RRKC’s first 6-week speed work session starts on February, 12th.  Sessions are held at various outdoor parks on Tuesday evenings at 6:00 p.m.  Space is limited, so act fast to run fast!

Proper Squat or Not?

Squats have rightly earned their reputation as a great cross training exercise for athletes to increase strength especially in the glutes.  However, repetitive improper squat form can result in painful overuse injuries such as tendinitis or even damage to the knee joint or behind the kneecap.

In a correct squat position, the front of your knees are parallel to each other and in line with your ankles (not your toes).  In other words, most of your weight is in your heels, and you are leaning far back into an almost seated position.  If you squat improperly with your knees caving in towards each other (knock knees) or with your knees extending over the front of your toes, you are significantly increasing the force on the knee and causing excessive strain.  This may cause knee pain during or after exercise and could cause injury.

If you suspect your knee pain could be the result of improper squat form, rest for a couple of days.  If you experience pain when you return to exercise, seek an evaluation from a medical professional.  If you find the correct squat position is difficult to achieve or maintain, you can modify by holding onto a stationary object such as a bar or tabletop while squatting until you find your balance. 

I’m surprised by how many people in fitness centers I see doing squats improperly.  Even if you think you’re doing squats correctly double check yourself in the mirror, and make some form tweaks if necessary.  After all, you want all your hard work to help you achieve success, not injury!

Why Runners Shouldn't Sit Like A Tailor

The Tailor Sit

The Tailor Sit

Sitting in the tailor position is comfortable for a lot of people, but for the runner, it comes at a hefty price. Tailor sitting for a prolonged period of time puts strain on the knees, over stretches some muscles and shortens others. One of the key muscles plays a big role in running: the PIRIFORMIS.

Sitting in the tailor position lengthens the piriformis making it weak; imagine the muscle is like a really old, saggy stretched out rubber band. It doesn’t spring well does it?

The piriformis is supposed to stabilize the hip when the run foot strikes the ground. Running with a weakened one can lead to injury of the muscle itself as well as other muscles, nerves, and joints of the back, hips, knees or feet!

The weak piriformis is deceiving. It will often times feel tight even when it really isn’t because the brain is sending messages to it to contract. This can also irritate the sciatic nerve causing a big “pain in the butt”.

What to do with an overly long piriformis? Foam roll, strengthen and if more help is needed, schedule an appointment at CoachAmyPT for Active Release, Dry Needling and functional strengthening.

NEW Class: Phoenix Core

CoachAmyPT is offering a NEW class! This is an 8-week, no to low impact strength class consisting of slow, controlled, quality movement patterns that strengthen the core (a cylindrical column from shoulders to just below the hips).

We will build a solid foundation for functional movement in daily life and sport. Phoenix Core compliments the Phoenix Rising class for patients and athletes who want to do both. This class is open to all experience levels, beginner to advanced.

Content created by physical therapist and running coach, Amy Parkerson-Mitchell.  Classes led by Jennifer Wolf. 

Class is held on Sunday mornings at 9:00 AM with the exception of the week of Sept. 9th. The make-up class will be held on Monday Sept. 10th at 6:00 PM. Space is limited! Register HERE.

Phoenix Speed Fall Session OPEN

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Improve your performance, efficiency, run form and run strength with RRKC speed training led by Coach Amy. Workouts are personalized to each athletes' goals and experience level. Workouts include dynamic warm-up, running drills, hill training and/or variety of speed workouts such as fartleks, intervals, supersets and more. 

Sessions are held Tuesday evenings in a variety of locations. Due to the nature of the training, we cannot accommodate drop-ins. Must be 18 years and over. Session size is limited to 12 athletes.

Twelve week session. August 14 - October 30th. Register HERE

Phoenix Rising Fall Session OPEN


Phoenix Rising is 8 weeks of endurance sport specific strengthening for your fall racing development. Content created by physical therapist and running coach, Amy Parkerson-Mitchell.

Classes are led by former Jazzercise instructor, Jennifer Wolf. Great for runners, cyclists and triathletes! Must be age 18 yrs. or older. Class size is limited. This is an intermediate to advanced level class. Not recommended for beginners.

Phoenix Rising Fall 2018 is held on Thursday evenings 6:00 PM at CoachAmyPT clinic. August 16th - October 11 (no class Sept. 6). Class size is limited to 10 athletes. 

Registration is no open. Go HERE

Ironman Ohio 70.3 The Bike - Scarlett and I Tackle a Half Ironman

Coach Amy embraces Scarlett after a successful bike leg at Ironman 70.3 Ohio.

Coach Amy embraces Scarlett after a successful bike leg at Ironman 70.3 Ohio.


Roadie is a term cyclists use affectionately to refer to their road bike. It’s designed for the open road and more stout than a triathlon bike. Some triathletes have one of each and use their tri bike minimize drag in a race. New to the sport, I opted to stick with my roadie for the 56-mile long Half Ironman course. I wrote this blog to inspire those chasing a dream, taking on a challenge or facing fears in this amazing ride we call life. 

The Bike - Scarlett and I Tackle a Half Ironman

A friend of mine once told me “every time a roadie passes a triathlon bike, an angel gets it's wings.” 

I met Scarlett two summers ago. Our relationship was tentative at first. Every week I saw posts on Facebook of triathletes lying in hospital beds, unrecognizably swollen and bruised with broken bones or missing teeth after bike accidents. Worse were the stories of athletes who didn’t survive their crashes. I was terrified, so Scarlett waited in the garage for months collecting dust until I had the nerve to take her for a ride.

We started our journey in a parking lot where I clumsily managed to clip my shoes in and out of her pedals and fumbled to control her gears. The first time I placed her on a resistance trainer, the smell of burning rubber began to circulate in the room. Ensconced in haze of smoke, we listed to the right in a slow, awkward fall to the ground in front of a room full of experienced triathletes . 

In order to save our budding friendship from further disaster (and embarassment), I consulted with bike expert, Mike Irwin. He showed me how to change Scarlett’s tires, set her up in the trainer, and work her gears. With his fine tuning and adjustments, Scarlett and I fit perfectly together. A summer later and one sprint triathlon race (10 mile bike leg) under our belt, we set about training for our first half Ironman. 

Many nights after work we sat for hours in the trainer glued to one spot and powering nowhere. I imagined Scarlett was a horse and instead of a room, we were running in a large field towards the smudge on the wall in front of us; the smudge became a mirage of a red barn. On Sundays, our scheduled workout was usually outside on the road. We escaped the sweet aroma of donut shops, oversized SUV’s and the texting drivers of suburbia to the Kansas countryside with rolling hills lined in cornfields, fewer drivers and only an occasional stop sign to slow us down. 

With each ride, we became a stronger team. Scarlet remained cool when I lost my temper at reckless drivers. She was steady when I threw tantrums or broke down crying in a bonk because I failed to hydrate or eat enough. When our Coach made us slow down because “The bike is all about fueling and saving it for the run,” we commiserated in our frustration, but agreed to concede. 

Once, we took a 62 mile pilgrimage in 102 degrees around the shadeless 3.5 mile airport loop with a vicious headwind that seemed to change direction against us at every turn. We discovered our grit, stamina and mental toughness that day; we finally had what it takes to complete a half ironman. 

Scarlett had her last tune up with Mike and we headed to Ohio. The day before the race, I adorned her in the required Ironman stickers with our race number, 864, and walked her to transition. She hung on the rack steadily and sensing my hesitation to leave, she winked, “Don’t worry. I will be here when you come back. Just make it through the swim and together, we will go out and kill it.” 

On race morning, after completing the swim (see The Long Swim), I ran up the hill from the beach, rounded the corner, and headed straight for Scarlett. Dutifully, she was right where I left her. I threw on my helmet, tucked nutrition into my kit, stuffed my feet into my shoes, and lifted Scarlett free. I ran her to the road and once astride, we became one. 

Itching to go fast, we begrudgingly held back as our Coach instructed, even as we were passed by riders on fancy tri bikes with their aerodynamic bars and high performance, carbon fiber wheels. One such rider sported black shorts with large white letters printed on the rear. “JUICY”, it read. As instructed, I let him go and kept my heart rate down, ate, drank and settled in.

I scanned for pot holes while we jockeyed for position in congested race traffic. We held strong, winding through long valleys of soybeans and corn fields. We waved at spectators and thanked volunteers. This was not loops around the airport; this was fun!

Occasionally, we passed riders stranded on the side of the road with flats or other mechanical issues. Some gave up with hands on their hips shaking their heads. Others worked furiously making repairs to get back in the race. With a heavy heart for their defeat and hopes they would soon recover, we pressed on. 

Miles passed quickly and at approximately 40 miles, I spotted a red barn. It was just like the one I visualized on my wall at home many months ago! We surged towards it, bridging gaps and pulling away from tri bikes; angels were getting wings! 

Two miles from the finish, we were still strong. I was energetic, well hydrated, and growing giddy with excitement for the upcoming transition when Scarlett made an ominous sound as though a small rock was bouncing around in her gears. "Oh, No! Come on girl. Hang in there!” The rock flew loose without noticeable damage. 

Threat averted, we cruised to the finish of the bike leg to find a growing back-up of stalled riders. Once free of the entanglement, I dismounted Scarlett and ran us to the second transition. I hung her on the rack, thanked her for a solid ride and said, “See you at the finish, girl. Right now, it’s time to run." (The Run recap coming soon)

Ironman 70.3 - Ohio. Coach Amy has fun with the professional photographers on the bike course. 

Ironman 70.3 - Ohio. Coach Amy has fun with the professional photographers on the bike course. 

Bike Stats from Coach Amy's Garmin Forerunner 935. 

Bike Stats from Coach Amy's Garmin Forerunner 935.